Gum disease is characterised by the gum that appear red, swollen, and bleed easily to stimuli. Periodontal disease is usually characterised by pus discharge from the periodontal pocket, which can cause bad odour or taste in the mouth and teeth that show some mobility.
What causes the gum and Periodontal disease
There are many factors or combination of factors that lead to gum disease or periodontal disease. With proper control of the contributing factors both gum and periodontal disease can be overcome or managed. The common factors that may contribute to gingivitis include, diabetes, smoking, ageing, genetic predisposition, systemic diseases and conditions, stress, inadequate nutrition, puberty, hormonal fluctuations, pregnancy, substance abuse, HIV infection, and certain medication.
Gum Disease is easy to manage and simple procedures such as clean and oral prophylaxis will be sufficient in most cases. Your dentist will be able to advise you of necessary steps in this regard. Sometimes multiple visits may be required to manage the situation but in most instance simple gingivitis is reversible.
Periodontal disease is a little more involved and requires more careful planning and diagnostics to get the best results. Periodontal therapies are best categorised under Non-surgical and Surgical Intervention. The advent of lasers these days help in management of periodontal conditions in a non-surgical manner minimising post-operative discomfort. Your dentist is best poised to discuss your situation and, may necessitate a referral to specialist as well.